Internet resources for Classroom Students
 

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CUSTOMIZED DRIVING INSTRUCTION
Web address http://www.madareadriving.com
Office phone
(608) 276-8222
or (608) 345-9598

STUDENTS ATTENDING CLASS PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS

To use this course, you must have a computer with a functional printer, java enabled browser, Internet connection and an e-mail account*

*High speed is preferred, dialup will work, but some downloads may be lengthy YAHOO, HOT MAIL, GMAIL and others will work, but the links will not you will need to highlight, right (not left) click, and copy and paste the following addresses (in blue) into the TO, or SEND TO part of your e-mail.

jkapinus@madareadriving.com

charles.m.woodward@gmail.com

IN ADDITION to the registration to the left,

You must send and e-mail to the instructors HERE

EVEN IF YOU HAVE ALREADY BEEN TO CLASS!

This is necessary to verify your e-mail address and to test your copy and paste abilities/function

Copy and Paste this form fill it out and send HERE

PLEASE PUT DRIVERSED (ALL ONE WORD) IN THE SUBJECT LINE

Name:

School:

Phone:

 

YOU WILL NEED THE FREE ADOBE ACROBAT READER INSTALLED TO USE THE MATERIALS ON THIS SITE.

IF YOU NEED TO FILL OUT ANY MATERIALS ONLINE, YOU WILL NEED THE FREE FOXIT READER TO FILL THEM OUT

THE COURSE REQUIRES YOU TO ATTEND THE SELECTED SCHOOL , TO COMPLETE THE WORKSHEETS (IN CLASS-NOT AT HOME), COMPLETE THE UNIT TESTS, AND GIVE AN ACCIDENT REPORT.

YOU MAY NOT MISS ANY CLASSES FOR ANY REASON. 

PLEASE TAKE CARE OF ALL OF YOUR BUSINESS ON DAYS WHEN CLASS IS NOT IN SESSION.

MISSING ANY TWO CLASSES WILL REQUIRE YOU TO RETAKE THE COURSE AT YOUR OWN COST.

IF YOU ARE ABSENT, IN ORDER TO SHOW THAT YOU ARE COMPLETING THE MAKEUP TASKS ON TIME YOU MUST COPY AND PASTE THE SELF-TEST AND SEND IT TO THE INSTRUCTOR

YOU MUST COMPLETE ALL ASPECTS OF THE COURSE LISTED ABOVE, FAILURE TO DO ANY PART OR PAY ALL NECESSARY FEES, WILL PREVENT US FROM ISSUING A COMPLETION CERTIFICATE



SYLLABUS

 

Here is a list of internet materials produced by the Pearson-Prentice Hall website for use with your Drive Right textbook.

All students can use these pages to download your worksheets*, find resources, Internet activities, and Self-Tests to assess your knowledge of the chapters.

All worksheets are to be downloaded and completed each day in the classroom by daily students,

students who miss a day must follow the internet curriculum to make up work

All students should have all completed worksheets on the day that a unit test is taken.

THE BASIC COURSE OUTLINE IS BELOW, FOLLOW EACH ARTICLE

DAY BY DAY (look for the to find the next day), STEP BY STEP.

To verify which day you are on, view our internet calendar HERE!

(find the current date, and pick the class you are in)

TO AID IN QUICKLY FINDING THE SUBJECT YOU ARE LOOKING FOR

-USE THE "FIND" FEATURE-

IN YOUR BROWSER -DO NOT USE A SEARCH ENGINE SUCH AS YAHOO OR GOOGLE TO FIND SOMETHING IN THIS PAGE!

IN INTERNET EXPOLORER go to FIND

(in both of the following examples we will use the word "CRASH" 

then a space followed by "REPORT" or "CRASH REPORT" without the parenthesis)

then  use the field to enter text  

USE THE SAME METHOD TO FIND AN ITEM IN FIREFOX

AND TYPE IN THE TEXT FIELD NEAR THE BOTTOM OF THE BROWSER IN YELLOW AND BLACK

Day 1-ORIENTATION

Get your materials and orient you and show you how to utilize your internet resources.

Discuss the drivers manual

VIDEO :

Laughing Learning & Driving 40min

Days 2-3
READ YOUR DRIVERS MANUAL you can download it here!,
(note this is a large file and will take a long time to download. You may wish to stop by the DOT and Pick one up) Fill out your Instruction permit (temps) application **NOTE DO NOT SIGN, You must bring to your designated appearance and the instructor will sign it. See instructions on what you will need to bring to the DMV here

We will familiarize you with the rules of the road specific to the WI DMV Motororists Manual

All students will take practice permit tests in class even if they have taken one at the DMV

Now copy and paste the following questions into an e-mail, then type in the answers and send here.

QUESTIONS

_______________________________________________________

1. AT AN INTERSECTION, DRIVERS TURNING LEFT MUST YIELD TO WHAT?

2. HOW FAR AHEAD SHOULD YOU LOOK WHEN YOU ARE ON THE OPEN HIGHWAY?

3. HOW CAN YOU SEE IF THERE IS A CAR IN YOUR BLIND SPOT?

4. AT WHAT TIMES DOES WISCONSIN LAW SAY YOU MUST TURN ON HEADLIGHTS?

5. WHEN ELSE WOULD YOU TURN ON YOUR HEADLIGHTS?

6. WHAT IS A GOOD RULE OF THUMB FOR TURNING ON YOUR HEADLIGHTS?

7. YOU PLAN TO PULL INTO A DRIVEWAY JUST BEYOND AN INTERSECTION. WHEN SHOULD YOU SIGNAL?

8. NAME TWO PLACES WHERE YOU ARE LIKELY TO FIND SLIPPERY SPOTS.

9. YOU ARE ON A FREEWAY ENTRANCE 

     AND HAVE TO WAIT FOR A GAP IN TRAFFIC

     BEFORE YOU CAN ENTER THE ROADWAY. --WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?

10. WHAT DOES A YELLOW SIGN MEAN?

11. WHAT DOES AN ORANGE SIGN MEAN?

12. UNDER MOST CONDITIONS, WHAT IS THE MINIMUM SAFE FOLLOWING DISTANCE?

13. NAME SOME CONDITIONS IN WHICH YOU NEED EXTRA FOLLOWING DISTANCE.

14. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU ARE IN AN INTERSECTION AND YOU HEAR A SIREN?

15. HOW DO SAFETY BELTS HELP YOU KEEP CONTROL OF YOUR CAR?

16. WHAT SHOULD YOU DO IF YOU ARE INVOLVED IN A CRASH WITH ANOTHER CAR?

17. HOW MANY DRINKS DOES IT TAKE TO AFFECT YOUR DRIVING?

18. WHAT DRUGS CAN AFFECT YOUR ABILITY TO DRIVE SAFELY?

19. WHAT IS "IMPLIED CONSENT"?

Take the permit test until you pass

*Day 4

UNIT 1: The Driving Task

Chapter 1: You Are the Driver

Summary

In this chapter, your will learn about the HTS - Highway Transportation System and the driving task. You need to develop good social, physical, and mental skills to become a low-risk driver. You will learn how the licensing process, driver education, and driving practice work together to produce better drivers.

Internet Assignments

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 1 Worksheets.

The AAA has a fantastic website chock full of information for parents and beginning drivers, the AAA helps make Driver Ed possible

Go HERE to make a donation, or you can write a letter here:

AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety 607 14th St NW Ste 201 Washington, DC 20005


Internet students use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

NCSA: Young Driver Fatality Facts
To find out the latest statistics on fatalities of young drivers, visit this search page for the National Center for Statistics and Analysis. Use the pull-down menu for Traffic Safety Fact Sheets to select Young Drivers in the most recent year and download the PDF file.

TransWeb: Organ Donation
Explore this site to learn about organ donation. Select the Top 10 Myths link under the Myths/Quiz menu to find out common myths and the real story. Take the Transplant Journey to find out about the organ donation process. Visit the other sections or use the pull-down menu to choose a topic of interest.

Graduated Licensing Fact Sheet
Learn more about graduated licensing from Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety. This fact sheet provides an overview of graduated licensing issues, stages, and laws.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn more about graduated licensing and to find out about the licensing process in Wisconsin

Learning About Graduated Licensing

Introduction

You probably have your learner's permit and are beginning to drive under supervision. This is the first step to getting your driver's license. The other steps depend on the licensing process in Wisconsin. Many states have a graduated licensing program requiring young drivers to progress through different stages, each with different restrictions.

Part 1

To learn more about graduated licensing, visit Questions and Answers to find answers to questions teenagers commonly have.

Part 2

Now find out about the licensing system used for Wisconsin at U.S. Licensing Systems for Young Drivers. Read the summary information about graduated licensing and how laws vary among states. The last paragraph on the page explains how the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety rated each state's laws.

Download the U.S. licensing chart in PDF format from the above site, and open the with Adobe Acrobat Reader. The states are listed alphabetically on the chart. Note the letter rating next to each state:
G = good
A = acceptable
M = marginal
P = poor

Evaluate Wisconsin's laws by comparing it to other states. First, create a chart with the same headings as the chart in the PDF file, and make four rows. List Wisconsin in the first row, and copy the information from the PDF chart, including Wisconsin's rating. Then select three other states, each with a different rating. Copy the information for each of these states in your chart.

Now answer these questions:

Why does Wisconsin rate higher or lower than other states?

What restrictions could be added to get a higher rating?

Do you think Wisconsin should have more restrictions or fewer restrictions in its licensing system? Which restrictions should be added or deleted? Explain why.

EXTRA!

Check out the Web site for the motor vehicle department in Wisconsin to find out what information is available on the driver's license process and other topics. Go to AAMVA Jurisdictions and click on the jurisdiction for Wisconsin to find Wisconsin's Web site.

Chapter 1 Outline

Section 1: You Are Part of the System

The highway transportation system (HTS) is made up of roadways, vehicles, and roadway users. Federal, state, and local government agencies help regulate the HTS.

Section 2: The Driving Task

A driver needs to interact successfully with people, learn the physical skills of driving, and use mental skills to make decisions using the IPDE Process. The four steps of the IPDE Process are: Identify, Predict, Decide, and Execute.

Section 3: Your Driving Responsibilities

The attitude of drivers will guide them as they enter into and adjust to new driving and social situations. A collision can cause the HTS to breakdown. Driver error is the most common cause of collisions. Besides driving safely, drivers are responsible for protecting the environment.

Section 4: Your Driver's License

This examines the licensing process, driver education, and driving practice work together to produce safe drivers. A graduated license program requires young drivers to go through a series of stages that provide more practice driving time.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter 2 Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn to identify many of the traffic signs, traffic signals, and roadway markings that direct traffic and instruct and warn drivers. The ability to identify and follow these signs is the mark of a responsible driver.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 2 Worksheets.

Internet students use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Statistics About Running Red Lights
Read about how running red lights affects collision rates, as well as what cities are doing to stop and catch offenders. You may also want to explore the information found by clicking the link Facts/Statistics/Data.

Roadway Safety
To learn valuable information about highway safety, click on the Roadway Safety Guide in the left column of this site. Chapter One, Step 1, has nine hazardous roadway conditions that a new driver might encounter. Explore any other links that interest you.

Wisconsin Rules of the Road
Many states post their driving handbook on their Web site so that people can learn about state laws they need to know for the state written driving test. Check Wisconsin's department of motor vehicles, or click on this Wisconsin DOT Web site to find images of signs you might see in different driving scenarios.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn the significance of the numbers on highway signs and mile markers.

Where Am I???

Introduction

Have you ever been lost? Getting lost can be frustrating and stressful, especially to a new driver. Did you know that the numbers on highway signs can help you figure out which way you are headed? Knowing the meaning of these numbers can be a very useful tool to drivers—especially if you are on a new road.

Part 1

Visit Navigating the Road to read about how highway signs and mile markers have been designed to help navigation.

Part 2

Now that you have background information about highway signs, go to MapQuest to find a map of a city. In the City and State blanks, type either Milwaukee, WI or Chicago, IL. Then click Search at the bottom of the page. Use this map to answer the questions below.

Notice any highways that circle the city you selected. What are the numbers of the highways? Do those numbers follow the rules you just learned about?

What are the numbers of the highways running east to west? Running north to south? Do those numbers follow the rules?

If a highway has a number that contradicts the rule, look at a larger road map of that state or of the United States. Now does the rule apply?

Think about it: How can highway signs help you avoid getting lost?

EXTRA!

Check out the Manual of Traffic Signs Internet to find images of warning, regulatory, marker, and guide signs. Select each category to see examples. Also click on Standard Sign Colors to see colors reserved for future use. Can you think of some new types of signs that could use these colors in the future?

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Traffic Signs

Traffic signs inform drivers of regulations, warn them of changing road conditions, and point out areas of service, special interest, and other information. The color and shape of a road sign helps drivers to determine if it is a regulatory, warning, or informational sign.

Section 2: Traffic Signals

Traffic signals, such as traffic lights, arrows, flashing signals, pedestrian signals, and officer signals, help traffic to flow smoothly.

Section 3: Roadway Markings

Roadway markings can direct traffic and warn drivers. Yellow and white lines, arrows, words, and rumble strips are examples of roadway markings.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

*Day 5

Chapter 3: Basic Vehicle Control

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn steps to take before, during, and directly after entering a vehicle to maintain maximum safety. You will also learn how to control a vehicle, the locations and functions of instruments and devices, and the different steps to driving automobiles with both automatic transmissions and manual transmissions.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 3 Worksheets.

 “managing space & time”

Internet students use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Antilock Brake System Questions and Answers
Chances are you now drive or will drive a car with ABS brakes. This site answers frequently asked questions about antilock brakes and explains how they can make stopping safer and faster.

Safety Belt Facts
Do you always wear a safety belt in the car? This site provides information about safety belts and safety belt enforcement laws that will help you understand the importance of buckling up in a vehicle.

Dashboard Gauges
So you can locate the gauges on the dashboard when you drive…but what exactly do all of those measurements mean? This site explains how to read and understand dashboard gauges. Be sure to read about fuel gauges to find out what car companies do to fuel gauges to make car buyers happy.

How Manual Transmissions Work
How does a manual transmission actually work? This site provides great diagrams and explanations.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn the basic differences between an automatic and manual transmission.

The Difference Between Automatic and Manual Transmission

Introduction

Sure, you know how to shift gears in an automobile, but have you ever wondered exactly how the transmission of an automobile works? Learning how the gears shift will help you understand why it is so important to handle an automobile properly.

Part 1

Explore the Transmissions site to learn how a transmission functions, how both manual transmissions and automatic transmissions work, and the differences between the two systems. As you explore the site, look for the answers to the questions in Part 2.

Part 2

Find the answers to the following questions. (HINT: Select the headings Transmission, Automatic Transmission, and Manual Transmission on the right of the main Transmissions page to find the information specific to each question.) Copy and paste and send here

Transmissions:

What is the function of a transmission?

Automatic Transmission:

In an automobile with automatic transmission, what is the gear lever called?

What are the four major parts of an automobile with automatic transmission?

Manual Transmission:

What is the gear lever called in an automobile with manual transmission?

What must the driver always do when shifting gears in a stick shift car?

What is the main difference between automatic and manual transmission?

EXTRA!

To learn more about the inner workings of automobiles, check out How Automatic Transmissions Work. This site provides an in-depth explanation of automatic transmissions, complete with pictures.

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Instruments, Controls, and Devices

The instrument panel and vehicle controls are slightly different in each kind of automobile. Drivers need to know how to read the gauges and understand the meaning of the warning lights. They also need to know how to use devices for safety and communication.

Section 2: Getting Ready to Drive

Drivers can help to prevent accidents even before they start the automobile. These precautions include completing a safety check of both the outside and inside of the car and entering the vehicle properly. Drivers also need to adjust the seat and mirrors before driving.

Section 3: Driving a Vehicle with Automatic Transmission

When operating a vehicle with automatic transmission, the driver chooses the appropriate gear by moving the gear selector lever, and the car automatically shifts the gears. This type of transmission allows for the correct hand position on the steering wheel. It also reduces the steps a driver must remember when you are braking, stopping, securing, and leaving the vehicle.

Section 4: Driving a Vehicle with Manual Transmission

Driving a car with manual transmission requires coordinating the clutch with the accelerator and gearshift. The driver must press the clutch pedal to the floor before shifting, stopping, and starting the engine while shifting to the desired gear and accelerating or decelerating gradually.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter 4: Managing Risk with the IPDE Process

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn about the IPDE Process, an organized system for safe driving. IPDE includes the following steps: Identify, Predict, Decide, and Execute. You will also be introduced to the Smith System and the Zone Control System, which you need to incorporate with the IPDE Process. You will learn how to search zones, identify and analyze traffic situations, predict possible outcomes, and make wise decisions for executing safe actions.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 4 Worksheets.

Internet students use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Tips for Seeing Ahead
One of the best ways to prevent accidents is to look and plan ahead. Visit this Web site and read about targeting paths. How would you monitor your targeting path? What are the line-of-sight and path-of-travel restrictions?

Challenge Yourself
The National Institute for Driver Behavior challenges you to test your driving skills. Take this Web challenge they've set up. Look at each photograph and answer the question. After you've checked your answer, look at the photo again. See if you can spot three other things you should be on the lookout for.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn more about commentary driving—a technique for practicing the steps of the IPDE Process and for developing strong, safe driving habits.

Practicing Commentary Driving

Introduction

To become a safe driver, you need to identify potential hazards; predict what might happen with those hazards; decide how to best keep yourself, your passengers, and others nearby safe; and execute your decision successfully. You can practice this IPDE Process by doing commentary driving. With commentary driving, you think aloud to identify, predict, and decide about driving situations.

Part 1

To learn more about commentary driving, open a PDF file called Preparing Your Pre Learner for Driving from the Road Ready Web site. Scroll down to page eight of the booklet, which introduces the technique of commentary driving.

This booklet is for parents and teachers who are training young people as they begin driving. But as a young driver, you can use the booklet's teaching tips yourself. Read pages eight through eleven and take notes on the technique of commentary driving.

Note that the Australian government published the booklet, so there are a number of British spellings and terms. Australians spell the word "curb" differently than we do. They use the word "footpath" instead of "sidewalk;" they call a "yield sign" a "give way" sign. They have "roundabouts," which are not very common in the United States but are also called "rotaries."

Part 2

Pick a position to role-play commentary driving. You can either be the driver or a passenger. Pick one of the situations listed below. The driver should pretend to drive, making comments related to identifying, predicting, and deciding what to do. The passenger should describe events, related roadway conditions, traffic conditions, changes in different zones, and anything else that the driver should respond to.

Situations

Coming to a stoplight

Coming to a pedestrian crossing

Approaching a truck parked at the right curb

Truck with a hazard in its right-front zone coming toward you

Car pulling out from the curb into your path

Car in front of you turning right into a driveway

At an intersection, car in oncoming traffic signaling to turn left

Two children on the sidewalk and a ball in the middle of the street

Role-play two situations from the list. Then switch roles. When you are done, your group should have practiced commentary driving two of the eight situations listed above.

The script below gives an example of commentary driving for pulling out from the curb.

Sample Script
Driver:
I get in the car, adjust the seat, fasten my seatbelt, check and adjust the mirrors, and ask my passenger to fasten his/her seatbelt. I turn on the ignition, put my foot on the brake, and shift to DRIVE. I put on my left turn signal and start to turn the steering wheel to the left in preparation for pulling away from the curb. I check the left-front and left-rear zones for hazards from pedestrians and animals. There are no hazards in these zones. I check the rearview mirror and driver-side mirror to look for traffic. I begin to move forward.

Passenger: There is a car coming behind us, in the left-rear zone. (Two other students walk up from behind, simulating the car.)

Driver: I stop and wait for the car to pass. I recheck the left-front and left-rear zones. I recheck the driver-side mirror, looking for traffic. No traffic is coming. I quickly turn and look over my left shoulder for hazards in my blind spot. No traffic is coming. I gently pull out into the driving lane and slowly accelerate to a safe driving speed.

Copy and paste and send here

EXTRA!

Make up new situations and practice commentary driving in response. Of the situations you role-played and act it out for the class.

Chapter Outline

Section 1: The IPDE Process

The four steps of the IPDE Process are Identify, Predict, Decide, and Execute. The IPDE Process should be used with the Smith System and the Zone Control System. Used together, these systems allow a driver to enjoy low-risk and low-stress driving.

Section 2: Identify and Predict

The six zone locations in the Zone Control System are the left front, front, right front, right-rear, rear, and left-rear zones. A driver needs to search these zones regularly and systematically to identify driving hazards and make predictions about them. An open zone is a space a driver can enter and drive without restriction to line of sight or intended path of travel. A closed zone presents a restriction to vision or movement.

Section 3: Decide and Execute

Possible decisions a driver can make as part of the IPDE Process include changing speed, changing direction, and communicating. In maintaining a safe path of travel, a driver needs to minimize any hazard, separate hazards, and compromise space to give as much space as possible to the greater hazard. To avoid conflict, a driver needs to control speed, steer, communicate, and combine actions.

Section 4: Using the IPDE Process

A driver can practice the IPDE Process by using commentary driving—thinking aloud while at the wheel. Sometimes a driver may need to use the IPDE Process selectively. Complex traffic situations and the feelings and physical conditions of the driver can cause the IPDE Process to take more time, but the process gets easier as the driver gains practice and experience.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

*Day 6- Test Day

Be sure to have your completed chapter worksheets

We will review the first four chapters

VIDEOS

Take the unit 1 test at your school location,

*Day 7

UNIT 2: Controlling Your Vehicle

Chapter 5: Natural Laws and Car Control

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn about natural laws—such as gravity, energy of motion, friction, traction, and stopping distance—that apply to driving. You will also learn how restraint devices can help reduce the force of impact in a collision.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 5 Worksheets.

 “Waterskiing on 4 wheels” 

Internet students use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Tire Pressure and Bald Tires
Learn more about tire safety from the Tire Safety: Everything Rides on It campaign run by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Learn how the U.S. Transportation Secretary's new campaign plans to promote tire safety.

Stopping Distance
This site reviews total stopping distance and gives actual braking distance data from several models of cars.

Tire Ratings
Did you know that tires have to go through uniform grading checks? Learn about treadware, traction, and temperature as well as what the markings on tires mean.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to go behind the scenes of real crash tests.

Crash!

Introduction

Would you rather bang your head into a brick wall or into a pillow? Obviously, the brick wall would hurt more. But do you know why? A pillow slows the acceleration of your head, but a brick wall stops your head on contact. Similarly, an airbag slows the acceleration of your head before it can hit the car windshield. Engineers work to create a car design that will offer the most protection in the event of a collision. In this activity, you'll find out what they've discovered.

Part 1

Visit the How Crash Testing Works Web site to learn how a crash test is conducted. Make sure to check out each of the pages so that you will be able to answer all of the questions. When you finish reading a page, just click on Next Page.

Part 2

Now, answer the questions below. The titles of articles in brackets will help you find the answers on the Web site. All articles are listed at the top and bottom of each page.

Why are different colors of paint applied to dummies before a crash run? [CRASH TEST DUMMIES]

Why is it beneficial for a car's front to crush easily on impact? [AN ACTUAL CRASH TEST]

What is the ideal way to stay safe in a hypothetical crash? [THE "PERFECT" CRASH]

Give an example of one possible future safety improvement of cars. Can you think of any safety improvement? [FUTURE SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS]

What does a five-star rating for frontal impact mean? What does a five-start rating for side impact mean? [BACKGROUND AND RATINGS]

Copy and paste and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Gravity and Energy of Motion

Gravity is the force that pulls all things to Earth. It affects driving up and down hills as well as taking turns. The vehicle's energy of motion, or kinetic energy, increases as the vehicle increases in weight and speed.

Section 2: Friction and Traction

Friction occurs when two surfaces, such as a tire and the pavement, rub together. We call the friction between a tire and the road traction. The condition of your tires and the road's surface, as well as curves in the road, can affect traction.

Section 3: Stopping Distance

Total stopping distance is comprised of three parts: perception distance, reaction distance, and braking distance. The four-second rule will help you estimate stopping distance, but the actual total braking distance will be affected by speed, vehicle condition, road surface, driver ability, antilock brakes, hills, and vehicle load.

Section 4: Controlling The Force of Impact

The speed and weight of the vehicle and the distance between impact and stopping determine force of impact during a collision. In collisions, proper use of vehicle restraint devices, such as safety belts and air bags, can improve automobile safety.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter 6: Performing Basic Vehicle Maneuvers

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn about the basic maneuvers you will need to steer, change lanes, make turns, execute turnabouts, and park in various situations.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 6 Worksheets.

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Tips to Help You See Better While Driving
This Web site gives tips to help people who have a specific visual impairment adapt their driving. Many of the tips, especially those related to reference points, are good advice for everyone. Which tips do you think will work well for you?

Tips on Parallel Parking and More
This section from the New York State Department of Motor Vehicle's New Driver Study Guide offers helpful tips on parallel parking, as well as interpreting No Parking signs.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn more about parking issues faced by many cities and small towns.

Examining Parking Issues

Introduction

In big cities, small towns, and even rural areas, parking is often an issue. In big cities it may be difficult to find a place to park; once a place is found, traffic, lack of space, and even expense may all make parking difficult. In smaller cities and towns, parking can be a problem in areas that are busy; lack of parking regulations or lack of enforcement may make the use of such spaces inefficient. In rural areas, rarely are there designated places to park; it may be difficult to find places where you can be sure that you can park safely.

In this activity, you will learn more about parking-related issues in Los Angeles, California, a city with about four million residents. With such a high, dense population, it is not surprising that the city's parking solutions are often a concern. In recent years, the city has been evaluating its current downtown parking situation, identifying present and future parking needs, and investigating possible solutions.

Part 1

To learn about current parking issues in Los Angeles, download and read the preliminary report Alternative Parking Strategies and Solutions by visiting this page and clicking on the Alternative Parking Strategies and Solutions link. Pay special attention to the tables under the head "Summary of Parking Problems–Solutions and Strategies." What are the main goals of the project? Are any of the parking issues mentioned related to safety? Which issues are related to the convenience of the residents? To the city's growth and development?

EXTRA!

Think about the types of parking problems in the area where you live. Discuss ways these problems could be solved. Work with a partner to make a problem-solution chart for the issues you identify. Compare your ideas with those of your classmates.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Steering, Signaling, and Changing Lanes

To steer straight forward, a driver needs to look far ahead toward the center of the intended path and steer. To steer straight backward, a driver needs to look through the rear window, placing the hand at the top of the steering wheel, and move back slowly. When changing lanes, a driver should check traffic, signal, check blind spots, and if the intended path is clear, speed up while steering to the next lane.

Section 2: Making Turns and Turning the Vehicle Around

Drivers can use hand-over-hand and push-pull steering methods. To make a turn, a driver should signal for a turn, check for traffic and pedestrians, and when it is safe and legal to do so, turn into the nearest lane of traffic. When executing a turnabout, the safest way is to back up into an alley or driveway on the right because the vehicle then enters traffic going forward.

Section 3: Parking

A standard reference point is the point on a vehicle that a driver can use to relate to some part of the roadway. Reference points are especially helpful while parking. Angle and perpendicular parking involve moving forward, and parallel parking involves backing up. When parking on a hill, a driver needs to turn the front wheels to the left when parking uphill with a curb, to the right when parking uphill with no curb, and to the right when parking downhill with or without a curb.

*Day 8

Chapter 7: Negotiating Intersections

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn about safe ways to search and negotiate intersections. You will also learn how to make good judgments involving time, space, and distance related to intersections and railroad crossings. Finally, you will learn about yielding the right of way and judging gaps in traffic.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 7 Worksheets.

 “Dangerous Crossings – a second thought” 

 Coasting to a Red Light
Should you stop at a red light? You must, of course. But, if you go to this Web site, you can read a tip on a way to drive so that red lights turn green for you. (Read or scan down to the third paragraph of item 7.)

Railroad Crossing Safety
Railroad crossings are very dangerous intersections. Visit this Web site to learn why railroad crossings are so dangerous and how you can cross them safely.

Driving in Circles
Find out why traffic circles and roundabouts are becoming more common at intersections.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to test and apply your skills for negotiating an intersection safely.

Testing Your Skills at an Intersection

Introduction

Intersections can be very dangerous places. They are often centers of traffic activities, with many different drivers trying to do many different things: stop, turn left, turn right, or go straight. It is essential that you know how to navigate these tricky driving challenges carefully and thoughtfully. In this activity, you will analyze various intersection scenarios.

Part 1

To assess your skill at judging your position as you approach an intersection, go to National Institute for Driver Behavior: Driving Challenge #1. Look at the picture and answer the questions. Then, click on the answer line and read all three of the answer screens.

Part 2

Apply what you learned in Part 1 to a new situation—one that involves making a left turn. Go to Driving Challenge #2. Look at the picture and answer the first question. Identify the line-of-sight restrictions on both sides of the vehicle. Now answer the second question. Then click on Continue and read all three of the answer screens.

Now, answer the questions below.

What reference points are used here to judge distance from the curb line of the intersection?

If your vehicle does not have a passenger-side mirror, what other features of the vehicle could you use as a reference point to spot the curb line of an intersection?

What procedure would you follow if you wanted to enter the intersection shown on the Driving Challenge #2 Web site, but parked cars caused further line-of-sight restrictions?

Copy and paste and send here

EXTRA!

Follow the directions on the last answer screen of Driving Challenge #1 to see if the passenger-side mirror works for you as a reference point for the curb line of an intersection. You may wish to do this activity with a spotter, so you don't have to keep getting in and out of your vehicle. If you do have a partner spot for you, have the spotter give you information about your position only after you've stopped the vehicle, so that you can check your use of reference points effectively.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Searching Intersections

You need to search the left-front, front, and right-front zones when approaching an intersection for any closed zones. Under normal conditions, the point-of-no-return is two seconds from an intersection. If you identify a closed front zone, you should prepare to reduce speed or stop.

Section 2: Controlled Intersections

When approaching an intersection with a STOP sign, you should search constantly as you creep forward if your view is blocked. When approaching a traffic signal, you need to predict when it will change. When turning, you should search all zones, search 90 degrees to the left and right, and proceed when you have a clear path of travel and no line-of-sight restrictions.

Section 3: Uncontrolled Intersections

As you approach an uncontrolled intersection, you must use the IPDE process at three critical locations: 12–15 seconds from the intersection, 4–6 seconds from the intersection, and 2 seconds from the intersection. When approaching an uncontrolled railroad crossing, slow down and turn off the radio. If a train is approaching, stop a safe distance from the tracks and wait for the train to clear.

Section 4: Determining Right of Way and Judging Gaps

You should yield the right of way at STOP and YIELD signs, from an alley or driveway, at uncontrolled intersections, and to any emergency vehicle. To cross intersections and make turns safely, you must learn to judge gaps in traffic by estimating the speed and distance of vehicles as they approach.

Chapter 8: Sharing the Roadway

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn that drivers are responsible for protecting themselves as well as others on the road. You will learn special precautions to take when sharing the road with motorcyclists, bicyclists, pedestrians, and drivers of special vehicles and large trucks.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 8 Worksheets.

 “A Driver’s view of Motorcycle Safety” 

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Why Don't Motorcycles Have Seat Belts?
If motorcycles are involved in more accidents than cars, why don't they have seat belts? Learn why motorcyclists are actually safer without safety belts.

Pedestrian Safety Facts
Do you remember when you were a child and were frequently told to look both ways before crossing the street? Surprising statistics show that even after a lifetime of reminders, adults sometimes forget this simple lesson. This site gives facts and figures concerning the safety of pedestrians.

Know the "No-Zone"
Learn more about the no-zones around large trucks and how you can be a safer driver when sharing the road with trucks.

Share the Road Safely
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration promotes its Share the Road Safely Program on this Web site. Find safety tips for car drivers as well as drivers of other vehicles that share the roads.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn how posted speed limits affect more than just the cars driving on the road. As you complete this activity, you will become the mayor of a small town in an interactive simulation—where your vote counts!

How Fast Is Too Fast? You Decide

Introduction

As mayor of Middletown, Any state, you must set the speed limit on one of the busiest roads in your town. As you gather information to make your decision, you'll find that the speed limit doesn't only affect cars and the people driving them; it affects the pedestrians, cyclists, and truck drivers too. It also affects safety, pollution, and even the productivity of Middletown. How will you vote?

Part 1

Go to You Decide to get background information on the factors that determine a speed limit. Use the Next button in the lower right corner to advance through the site. Once you arrive at the simulation, click on the different speed limits and watch the graphs change according to the speed limit's effects. To find out what the townspeople of Middletown think about the speed limit, click on the rectangles below the picture. When you have explored the site, work on your own or form a group of four or five students and discuss how the speed limit affects the following:

Traffic flow

Pedestrians

Safety

Economy

Part 2

Once you have considered the options, decide what you think the speed limit should be. Enter your vote on the Web site.

EXTRA!

After entering your vote, click on the "next" sign at the bottom left corner of the screen. You will learn how other people who have visited the site voted. Are you surprised by the results? Why or why not?

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Sharing the Roadway with Motorcyclists

As users of the Highway Transportation System, automobile drivers are responsible for the safety of motorcyclists. Use the IPDE process to learn to predict where to look for motorcyclists and what precautions you can take as a driver to help ensure the safety of motorcyclists.

Section 2: Motorcyclist Actions Can Affect You

A motorcycle has less traction and stability than a car. Driving dangers—rain or railroad tracks, for example—that are relatively minor for cars can create big problems for motorcyclists. Some precautions motorcyclists can take to stay safe include wearing protective safety equipment, maintaining safe driving distances, and staying visible to other drivers.

Section 3: Bicycles, Mopeds, and Motor Scooters

Drivers of mopeds, bicycles, and other two-wheeled vehicles have their own responsibilities for making the HTS safe. However, as a driver of a large, four-wheel vehicle, you can use the IPDE process to help protect drivers of two-wheeled vehicles.

Section 4: Pedestrians and Special Vehicles

Pedestrians are the most vulnerable HTS users. Be especially alert when pedestrians may be present. To be a responsible driver, you must also learn to share the roadway with special purpose vehicles, including recreational vehicles, buses, and emergency vehicles.

Section 5: Sharing the Road with Trucks

Automobile drivers must be aware of large trucks and know how to share the road safely with them. Watch for trucks making right turns by swinging to the left. When following a truck, stay clear of its no-zones, the truck driver's blind spots. Follow safety guidelines when passing a truck.

*Day 9 -Test day

Be sure to have your completed chapter worksheets

We will review the past few chapters

VIDEOS:

In Control 27 Min

Take the unit 2 test at your school location

*Day 10

UNIT 3: Driving in Different Environments

Chapter 9: Driving in Urban Traffic

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn techniques and procedures for driving safely in urban environments. You will learn how to use a three-second following distance and how to cover the brake in tight driving situations. You will also learn how to maintain safety when you interact with pedestrians and tailgating drivers.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 9 Worksheets.

“Freeway Driving is Different” 

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Test Your Urban Driving Skills
City and suburban streets are often more crowded than rural roads. Test your urban driving skills by going to this Web site, looking at the photographs and answering the challenge questions.

Safe Stopping
As you've read, you may have to stop quickly or unexpectedly when driving in an urban area. Read these tips on making defensive stops.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn more about urban crashes and about the dangers presented by people who run red lights.

Investigating Statistics About Urban Crashes and Red-Light Running

Introduction

Urban driving presents challenges to all drivers. Learning about the most dangerous situations urban driving presents can help you be more aware of hazards and help you become a better defensive driver. This skill is especially important when you approach or are stopped at an intersection. One reason extreme alertness at intersections is important is because of the problem of people running red lights. Although red-light running is a problem in many areas, not just in urban areas, it is especially dangerous in cities, which are much more crowded with both cars and pedestrians.

Part 1

To learn more about the causes of urban crashes, go to Urban Crashes and read the seven questions and answers. Work with one or two other students to make a fact sheet about urban crashes, using the statistics presented on the Web site. You can construct circle graphs, bar graphs, and other illustrations to include in your fact sheet. Share your fact sheet with your class. Talk about the most hazardous situations urban drivers face and what drivers can do to lessen these hazards.

Part 2

Now it's time to learn about a leading safety issue for all drivers and pedestrians, which is especially hazardous in urban areas—red-light running. Go to Red-Light Cameras and read the 16 questions and answers.

Now, write down the definition of red-light running Copy and paste and send here

EXTRA!

You can conduct a poll about the use of red-light cameras in your community. If these cameras are already being used, find out what people think of them. If they are not being used, prepare some background information on red-light cameras to share with the people you will poll—friends, neighbors, and other community members. Then take your poll. In either case, prepare a set of simple, straightforward questions to ask about the topic.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Adjusting to Urban Traffic

Driving in a city can be difficult because of high-density traffic. City driving presents more hazards and hazards that are closer together than do other types of driving. City drivers need to use strong visual skills to identify hazards and to predict points of conflict early. Drivers must also communicate with other drivers, adjust vehicle speed and position, and execute smooth, low-risk maneuvers.

Section 2: Following and Meeting Traffic

In city driving, maintaining a space cushion is very important. In normal situations, drivers need to use a three-second following distance. To deal with tailgating, drivers need to increase their own following distance to four seconds and move slightly to the right to give the tailgater a better view. Flashing the brakes is important before slowing or stopping. To avoid conflict with oncoming traffic in the wrong lane, drivers need to flash the headlights, blow the horn, and move right.

Section 3: Managing Space in Urban Traffic

To stay safe in urban traffic, drivers need to look ahead more than one block. Covering the brake can help a driver stop more quickly in traffic. Covering the brake involves holding the foot over the brake pedal. For safety, drivers should also always choose the best lane of travel for each driving situation.

Section 4: Special Urban Situations

Drivers who are turning from a one-way street should turn from the nearest lane going in the direction they want to go. If another driver is going the wrong way down a one-way street, it is important to steer right, sound the horn, and flash headlights, if possible

Chapter 10: Driving in Rural Areas

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn techniques and procedures for driving safely in rural areas. You will learn about driving on two-lane and multilane rural roads. You will learn about how to pass safely on these types of roads and what to do to ensure safety when you are being passed. Hazards specific to rural roads and to different rural environments are also discussed.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 10 Worksheets.

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Problem of Vehicle-Wildlife Collisions Increasing
Read this article to collect more statistics on vehicle collisions with deer and to learn about measures states might implement to help lower the incidence of these collisions.

The Ecological Effects of Roads
Roads and vehicles can have a huge "impact" on endangered populations in different parts of the United States. These articles give a lot of information on this topic.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn more about vehicle collisions with large animals and how to avoid such collisions.

Learning How to Avoid Collisions with Wildlife on Rural Roads

Introduction

Driving in rural areas can present unexpected surprises. Go over a rise and you might find a tractor crawling down the hill just in front of you. Drive around a curve and you might find a mail delivery vehicle driving on the shoulder and stopping at each mailbox. However, the most surprising of all rural driving hazards don't involve other vehicles. They involve wildlife. Skunks and opossums may try to cross on a hot summer night. Deer and elk are active from dusk into the night and may get spooked by car headlights. All of these animals and more can cause driving hazards for unwary motorists.

Part 1

To learn more about vehicle collisions with wildlife, go to Reducing Vehicle-Animal Collisions (PDF).

Read the first two pages of this file. As you read, copy and paste the and send here to answer the following questions:

What are the two main reasons that vehicle collisions with animals have continually been on the rise?

What are some common vehicle-animal collisions in different parts of the country?

Why do traffic safety engineers often focus on studying collisions with deer?

What are some proposed methods for reducing collisions with deer?

What reduces the effectiveness of many of these measures?

Nationwide, how many vehicle collisions occur with deer annually?

What is the general trend in this number, year by year?

In Iowa, what percentage of urban collisions involves deer? What percentage of rural collisions involves deer?

What is the average cost of a deer-vehicle collision?

Note that many statistics on this Web site pertain to the state of Iowa because the Iowa Highway Safety Management System compiled the information. However, as the Web site points out, collisions with deer are a problem in many states.

Part 2

To learn about ways you can avoid collisions with deer when driving, read this related article on encountering deer on the Insurance Information Institute Web site. Pay special attention to the bulleted tips.

EXTRA!

Make a poster to display in your classroom presenting information on how drivers can lower the risk of deer-vehicle collisions.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Characteristics of Rural Traffic

Open spaces and less traffic are common in rural areas. Inclement weather, hills, curves, intersections, narrow lanes, and traffic conditions all affect safe speed selection on rural roads.

Section 2: Using Basic Skills in Rural Areas

In rural areas it is important for drivers to manage speed control and to use an orderly visual search pattern. A driver should maintain a four-second following distance or more when being tailgated, pulling a trailer, driving on a steep downhill slope or on wet or icy roads, or following a motorcycle, snowplow, or a large vehicle.

Section 3: Passing and Being Passed on Rural Roads

Before deciding to pass, drivers should check whether it is legal and safe to do so. Drivers should never pass when there is a solid yellow line in their lane, if there is a line of sight restriction, if space is narrow and the front zone is closed, if cross-traffic is present, or when approaching a hill, bridge, underpass, curve, or intersection.

Section 4: Rural Situations You Might Encounter

Slow-moving vehicles and animals are sometimes hazards on rural roads. Drivers should identify them as early as possible. Drivers on two-lane roads need to identify oncoming vehicles early to select a safe place to meet.

Section 5: Special Driving Environments

Safety precautions for driving in the mountains include reducing speed, tapping the horn when driving around a curve, maintaining a four-second following distance behind large vehicles, and downshifting when traveling down hills. Safety precautions when driving in the desert include checking fluids and tire pressure and wearing sunglasses.

Chapter 11: Driving on Expressways

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn techniques for safe expressway driving. You will learn steps for entering, driving on, and exiting expressways. You will also learn about specific hazards sometimes encountered with expressway driving.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 11 Worksheets.

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Sleep Quiz
By now, you are probably an expert on drowsy driving. Take this quiz and see how you do.

Sleep-Smart Tips for Teens
Getting enough sleep isn't important only for people who plan to drive. A good night's sleep helps keep you healthy and functioning at your best. Follow these tips for catching great z z z z z z z z's.

Highway Driving (PDF)
This Web site gives tips for safe highway driving. It reviews how to pass on the highway, emphasizing the importance of checking your blind spots. A helpful diagram is included.

Accu-Traffic
You can check on traffic conditions all over the country at this Web site. Just click on a state on the U.S. map.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn more about the hazard of drowsy driving.

Analyzing the Problem of Drowsy Driving

Introduction

Driving long distances on expressways can be monotonous. The roadside scenery will probably present little variety, and the smooth road may present few challenges. Under these circumstances, some drivers become bored and inattentive. They may be lulled into drowsiness. But drowsy driving is extremely dangerous. You'll find out why below.

Part 1

To learn more about the hazards of drowsy driving, visit Drowsy Driving: The Silent Killer. Read the article, and then answer these questions. If you aren't sure of an answer, go back and reread all or part of the article.

What percentage of adults have admitted to driving while drowsy over the course of the year?

Under 10%

25%

45%

Over 50%

What percentage of adults who drive to work have admitted to driving drowsy on their commute a few days every week?

Less than 5%

10%

12%

More than 25%

In the United States, about how many deaths can be attributed to drowsy driving every year?

10,000

60,000

100,000

175,000

How accurate is the above estimate?

It is considered low.

It is considered high.

It is considered accurate.

People from which of the following groups are the most likely to drive while drowsy?

Young drivers

Middle-aged drivers

Elderly drivers

Are men or women more likely to drive while drowsy?

Women

Men

Both are equally likely

Are men or women more likely to fall asleep while driving?

Women

Men

Both are equally likely

People who work which of these shifts are LEAST likely to drive when they are drowsy?

6:00 A.M. to 2:00 P.M.

9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.

2:00 P.M. to 10:00 P.M.

10:00 P.M. to 6:00 A.M.

If you get six to seven hours of sleep a night, how much more likely are you to be involved in a collision than a person who sleeps eight hours or more?

You are less likely to be involved in a collision.

You have the same likelihood as the person sleeping eight hours.

You are twice as likely to be involved in a collision.

You are three times as likely to be involved in a collision.

If you get less than five hours of sleep a night, how much more likely are you to be involved in a collision than a person who sleeps eight hours or more?

You have the same likelihood as the person sleeping eight hours.

You are twice as likely to be involved in a collision.

You are three times as likely to be involved in a collision.

You are four to five times as likely to be involved in a collision.

When do most driving collisions and near misses occur?

Between 7:00 A.M. and 9:00 A.M.

Between 12:00 P.M. and 2:00 P.M.

Between 10:00 P.M. and 12:00 A.M.

Between 4:00 A.M. and 6:00 A.M.

When are two other times when driving collisions are common? (Pick two)

Between 9:00 A.M. and 11:00 A.M.

Between 2:00 P.M. and 4:00 P.M.

Between 8:00 P.M. and 10:00 P.M.

Between 12:00 A.M. and 2:00 A.M.

Finished? Check your answers.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Characteristics of Expressway Driving

Physical characteristics of expressways include the different types of interchanges by which drivers enter and leave expressways. Concentration, cooperation, and experience are important for safe driving on expressways.

Section 2: Entering an Expressway

When preparing to enter an expressway, drivers should determine the best speed for entering traffic, accelerate to the speed of the traffic, and decide on the best place to merge before entering. Problems with this procedure include entrance-ramp problems, short acceleration lanes, and problems in the merging area.

Section 3: Strategies of Driving on Expressways

Drivers should generally use a three-second following distance on expressways. Drivers should increase the following distance to four seconds if the weather is bad, a large vehicle is blocking their view, they are being tailgated, or in other less-than-ideal situations. Lane changing requires signaling, checking blind spots, and smooth acceleration. Similar procedures are followed for passing.

Section 4: Exiting Expressways

Drivers need a half-mile of advance preparation before exiting. Exiting usually involves changing lanes, decelerating, identifying the exit ramp, and adjusting speed. Drivers need to watch for crossing paths of traffic, ramp overflow, and short deceleration lanes when exiting.

Section 5: Special Expressway Problems

Driver conditions, including highway hypnosis, velocitation, and drowsy driving, are especially dangerous on expressways. Roadway hazards include heavy urban traffic, disabled vehicles, road repairs, and tollbooths.

*Day 11

Chapter 12: Driving in Adverse Conditions

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn how adverse conditions can reduce visibility and traction, increasing the risk of driving and requiring more time to use the IPDE process.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 12 Worksheets.

“Driving in Bad Weather”, be sure to press the Play Button” After you have finished so the same with “To Drive at Night”.

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Winter Driving Tips
Tom and Ray from the "Car Talk" radio program present tips for preparing your car for driving in winter weather. Their checklist will help you do just that.

Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than daytime driving for several reasons. Learn what you can do to minimize your risks while driving at night from this fact sheet from the National Safety Council.

Storm Forecast
The best way to ensure safety in adverse conditions is to avoid driving in them. You can find storm forecasts from the National Weather Service
Storm Prediction Center Website. You can also go here to find out about local weather or weather for travel, just click on the area you want to know about. Learn to plan ahead and prevent driving in hazardous conditions.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn about hydroplaning, including how to avoid it and what to do to get out of a hydroplane.

Hydroplaning

Introduction

Imagine that you just got your license and you're cruising through town when it starts to rain. Suddenly you can't steer the car, you can't stop, and you don't even know what's happening. What should you do? Learn about hydroplaning so you can avoid it before it happens.

Part 1

Sometimes, especially in a rainstorm, water can build up in front of your tires faster than your car's weight can channel it away. In an instant, you're hydroplaning. You've lost control of the car. Visit Skidding and Hydroplaning in Rainy Conditions to learn more about hydroplaning, how to avoid it, and what to do if you should ever find yourself hydroplaning.

Part 2

After reading about hydroplaning, answer the following questions. Copy and paste and send here.

What is hydroplaning?

How do you know if you're hydroplaning?

What are two tricks to avoid hydroplaning?

When is hydroplaning most likely to occur?

Do small, lightweight cars or large, heavy cars hydroplane more easily? Why do you think this is true?

What are three ways to escape hydroplaning?

EXTRA!

Download video clips from NASA Langley Research Center to watch actual cars hydroplaning. Go to Tire Hydroplaning (LV 1998-00070) to compare skidding on ice and snow. Then visit Tire Hydroplaning (LV 1998-00071) to find out about contributing factors for controlling a car on wet pavement.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Reduced Visibility

Under conditions of reduced visibility, drivers need more time to use the IPDE process. Drivers need to take cautionary actions to improve their ability to see and to make sure others see them. The cleanliness of a vehicle's windows, the time of day, and the weather conditions all affect visibility.

Section 2: Reduced Traction

Reduced traction drastically lessens the control you have over a vehicle. Since rain, snow, ice, and sand can reduce traction, resulting in a skid, it is important to know how to recover from a skid. Drivers also need to know how to use controlled braking to reduce speed quickly without skidding.

Section 3: Other Adverse Weather Conditions

Extreme weather conditions, such as strong winds and hot and cold weather, significantly increase the risks of driving. Drivers need to know how to handle these conditions.

Chapter 13: Handling Emergencies

Summary

Even the best drivers cannot prevent all dangerous driving situations. In this chapter, you will learn how vehicle malfunctions; driver errors, and roadway hazards can lead to driving emergencies. You will learn how to prevent accidents and what to do when an accident occurs.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 13 Worksheets.

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

What To Do If You Have a Blowout on a High-Speed Highway
The National Safety Council site provides a checklist for safety in the event of a tire blowout on a high-speed highway and helpful tips to remember in an emergency.

Driving Emergencies
This Web site presents many emergencies you might encounter while driving. [Note that this site comes from the United Kingdom and thus uses different spellings (tyre for tire) and terms (bonnet for a car hood).]

Some ABCs for the Road
Visit this site to review information about what to do when you are involved in a collision. Also, check out the site's other safe driving tips and their list of factors that can lead to driver errors.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to research driving distractions and how they can hinder a driver's ability to handle emergencies.

Distractions and Driver Error

Introduction

You are driving home when suddenly the car coming toward you drifts into your lane. As you swerve to avoid the oncoming car, you realize that the driver of the oncoming car is another teen that is fiddling with the radio. You brake and blow the horn to warn the teen as you steer to the right toward the shoulder.

Distractions cause serious accidents because they slow a driver's reaction time and can even cause the driver to make dangerous errors. Learning about distracting factors can help you to avoid driving emergencies.

Part 1

Investigate driving distractions. Visit Distracted Driving and scroll down to read the Executive Summary. Then, scroll down to find the list of five categories for driver attention and the 13 categories for driver distraction. Discover why these 13 behaviors cause distractions while driving. Then, scroll up to the list of figures. Click on Figure 3 to find out which age group is identified as having the most distracted drivers.

-Why this is true?

Now Go to the Driver Distraction Demonstration. These driving demonstrations present real-life scenarios and monitor your reactions. Take the driving challenge to practice staying focused behind the wheel.

Part 2

CRASH REPORT

You must create an crash report
This is an Oral report that you will give to the class, and a Written Report that will contain an accident report.
it must contain the following elements...
WHO
WHAT
WHERE
WHY
WHEN
HOW it could have been prevented

The report must be based on a REAL crash.

It can be from a friend or relative.

Or you can search the Internet for any report as long as it’s verifiable.

(Note go to www.snopes.com to see if the accident you found is a rumor or an urban legend)

To see an example of what not to report, go here.

Now go HERE and fill out this accident form from your accident report.

Assume a police officer did not fill out an accident report.

Assume there is more than $1000.00 worth of damage
the main subject from your article (the one you believe to be at fault) is unit 1, if there is another vehicle it is unit 2.
If you’ve taken the article from a newspaper, and no names are provided, John (Jane) Doe is Unit 1 and John (Jane) Public is driving unit 2. 

You may manufacture a birth date, address, and driver license number. 

You may manufacture any information not provided by the article you selected, or if your parents are concerned about issues of privacy.

You must be sure to fill in all the blanks. Be sure to read and follow all directions.


Remember You will
make this report orally for presentation in the class.

You should write down who what where why when and how on a 3x5 card as an outline to refer to
You will recieve addtional grades for presentation materials such as a poster board describing the accident

You will recieve a lowered grade for lack of preparation or completion
This assigment is an important part of your overall grade so take time to do it properly

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Vehicle Malfunctions

Sometimes even safe drivers are faced with vehicle malfunctions. To ensure maximum safety, drivers can learn how to react to malfunctions, including failure of the tires, brakes, accelerator, engine, and steering.

Section 2: Driver Errors

Any driver can wind up in an emergency situation because of another driver's error. Drivers need to be able to identify an emergency, predict its consequences, and make and execute decisions quickly. To avoid collisions, it is helpful to develop automatic responses, such as emergency swerving and off-road recovery.

Section 3: Roadway Hazards

Unpredictable roadway hazards can lead to emergency situations. A good driver can identify, predict, decide, and execute a plan when encountering hazards such as potholes, objects on the roadway, sharp curves, and deep water.

Section 4: Collisions

Most drivers will be involved in a collision at some time in their lives. Drivers need to know how to avoid or minimize the effects of head-on, side-impact, and rear-end collisions. If an accident does occur, there are five basic steps to be taken at the site of the accident, as well as follow-up steps afterwards.

*Day 12 -Test day

     

Be sure to have your completed chapter worksheets

You must bring your crash report

VIDEOS:

Red Asphalt 3 16Min

Give your oral accident report

Take the unit 3 test at your school location

UNIT 4: Being a Responsible Driver

Chapter 14: Effects of Driver Condition

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn how emotions can affect driving. Like all drivers, you need to make special efforts to control the negative effect emotions can have on your driving ability. Physical limitations, including impairment to vision and hearing, fatigue, and illness, can also affect driving ability. Being aware of these effects can help you manage risks and develop safe driving habits.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 14 Worksheets

“And These are our Friends” 

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Aggressive Driving (Road Rage)
Find out what the federal and state governments are doing to try to lower the incidences of aggressive driving and road rage.

Test Your Vision
Vision is the sense you rely on most heavily when you drive. Take the Sight Saver Test to see if you should schedule an eye exam soon.

Driving in the Dark
Half of all traffic fatalities occur at night. Why is night driving so dangerous? What can you do to drive safely at night? This article answers these and other questions about driving after dark.

Driving with Low Vision
Learn how drivers with low vision can become safer drivers through the use of technology. The common sense safety tips listed on this Web site can help all drivers—not just drivers with low vision.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to measure your own tendency toward aggressive driving and road rage and to learn what you can do to help avoid making other drivers angry.

Identifying and Avoiding Road Rage

Introduction

The driver in front of you is driving as slow as a turtle. The driver behind you honks her horn at you. The driver on your right glares at you as he zips around your car and cuts in front of the slow-moving vehicle ahead of you. How do you respond to these discourteous drivers? Your answer isn't just a matter of manners; it's a matter of safety for everyone concerned.

Part 1

"Road rage" is a term that people often use to describe acts of aggressive, angry driving. But anger is not the only emotion behind hostile driving. Impatience, competitiveness, and the desire to punish other drivers can also contribute.

Are you a hostile driver? Take the Road Rage Test and fill out the driver stress profile to find out. Rate each action listed as something you never, sometimes, often, or always do. Submit your test and study your score.

Part 2

Whatever your score on the driver stress profile, the tips on the Road Rage Prevention Web site can help you calm yourself down (if necessary) and help prevent aggressive drivers from taking out their anger on you. Jot down all tips you think will be helpful to you and compare your list with that of a friend.

Extra!

Visit Road Rage Two to take another test on hostile and aggressive driving. If most of your answers are "Yes," that's a good sign. Use the test items as additional tips for ways to calm yourself down and/or for preventing other drivers from becoming angry with you. Add any new helpful hints you learn from taking this test to your list of ways to prevent road rage.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Emotions and Driving

This lesson focuses on how emotions affect driving, especially risk-taking. The negative effects of anger and other strong emotions, including excitement and happiness, are outlined. The lesson also provides tips for both drivers and passengers on how to keep emotions under control, so that the driver can maintain his or her highest driving ability.

Section 2: Physical Senses and Driving

Although vision is the most important sense a driver uses, all of the senses contribute to a driver's ability. Most drivers have a 180-degree field of vision, with the clearest sight in the central area. Some drivers have impaired depth perception. They can compensate by using a greater following distance—allowing more clearance for passing—and using known distances to judge unknown distances. Drivers use their sense of hearing to listen for horns and sirens; they use their sense of smell to note burning or exhaust fumes; they use their sense of motion to note when the vehicle is changing speed or direction.

Section 3: Physical Disabilities

Physical disabilities include fatigue, illness, and injury. Resting before driving is the best way to combat fatigue. Carbon monoxide exposure can cause serious illness or even death. To avoid carbon monoxide, drivers should never run the engine inside a garage. Increasing distance between cars in heavy traffic is another important way to prevent overexposure to carbon monoxide. Medications can hamper driving ability, whether the medicine is taken for a temporary or chronic illness.

*Day 13

Chapter 15: Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn the effects of alcohol and other drugs on driver performance. You will learn about the laws governing use of alcohol and the serious consequences drivers face if found guilty of driving under the influence. You will learn that peer pressure can be a positive or a negative influence on the decisions you make about driving and drinking.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 15 Worksheets

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

MADD: Under 21
Check out the Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Web site to explore many topics relating to teens and alcohol use. Use the links to read the article or print it.

DUI/DWI Laws
Each state has its own laws when it comes to drunk driving. Find out the consequences of drinking and driving in your state.

How to Detect a Drunk Driver
Even if you make responsible decisions, other drivers may not. Learn how to detect a drunk driver so that you can avoid dangerous situations.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to experience a firsthand perspective on the consequences of drunk driving. Reflect on how one poor decision can affect scores of lives, and discuss with your classmates the reasons and solutions for drunk driving.

Victims of Drunk Driving Accidents Speak Out

Introduction

An accident that results from drunk driving can affect more than the driver and passengers of the vehicle. It also affects the family and friends of those in a crash. It affects the police officers and EMS staff who have to witness the horrors of drunk driving. It affects schools, towns, and communities. At some point in your life, it will probably affect you.

Part 1

Visit the ThinkQuest Web site to read the stories of victims who have lived through the pain and suffering caused by a drunk driver. First, click on Enter the Site. Then, look in the gray column at the left and click on Click for HTML-only Menu. Click on Getting Personal and then on Kim Talbot. Read Kim's experiences and be prepared to answer questions about the story.

Imagine that you were personally involved with the people in Kim's story. Write your answers to the questions below in a journal format. You do not need to share your responses with anyone, but you may want to discuss your answers with other students, teachers, or family.

How has Kim's life been affected by drunk driving?

How was Kim's life before the accident similar or different to your own?

How do you think Kim's family feels about her situation? How do you think it affects their lives?

Have you been tempted to drink and drive? If so, what affected the outcome? What factors that result in drunk driving do you think are hardest for teens to combat?

Part 2

Now you will read another story. Click on Bob Dix at the end of Kim's story or in the gray column to the left. Then, Copy and paste and send here.

Why is Bob so adamant about his cause?

What do you think are some of the causes of teen drunk driving?

Do you think any of the following factors play a role in teen drinking?

Boredom/nothing to do

Peer pressure

The belief that something bad "could never happen to them"

Failure to plan ahead

Not educated about alternatives to driving drunk

What can teens do to help reduce these factors?

What can you do to prevent drunk driving?

EXTRA!

Read the other stories on the same Web site. At the end of Bob's story, click on Read Other User-Submitted Stories or click on User Stories in the gray column to the left. Read any of the User Stories.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Effects of Alcohol on Driving Safely

Alcohol affects mental and physical behavior. The higher a person's blood alcohol concentration (BAC), the more dangerous driving becomes. Many factors affect a person's BAC. The best way to reduce driving risk is to either refrain from drinking or to appoint a person as a designated driver.

Section 2: Other Drugs and Driving

Drugs—including some over-the-counter medicines, prescription drugs, and hallucinogens—can affect driving. Combining drugs can be especially dangerous and can greatly increase driving risk.

Section 3: Traffic Laws Governing the Use of Alcohol

All states have an implied consent law, a set BAC level at which drivers can be charged with driving while intoxicated (DWI), and penalties for conviction. Some states charge drivers with driving under the influence (DUI) at a lower BAC. Chemical testing and field sobriety testing are used to evaluate a person who is suspected of DWI or DUI.

Section 4: Coping with Peer Pressure

Peer pressure can be positive or negative. There are steps each person can take to help make responsible decisions. Drivers have a responsibility to themselves and others to stay safe and to prevent drunk driving.

Chapter 16: Buying and Owning a Vehicle

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn about the financial and legal responsibilities of car ownership. You will read about factors to consider when buying a vehicle and learn how to check out a used vehicle. You will also learn how insurance works, about different types of insurance, and about factors that affect the cost of insurance. Finally, you will learn about adverse environmental effects of vehicle use and how you can lessen these effects through thoughtful and responsible use of motor vehicles.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 16 Worksheets

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Buying a Safer Car
Vehicle safety should be an important consideration for any car buyer or car owner. Check out current information on which vehicles are safe and which have questionable safety records.

Price per Gallon
Gas prices rise and fall and rise again very quickly. Use this Web site to check on pump prices in your local area—or anywhere in the United States and Canada. The highest and lowest gas prices for the nation are listed on this site's home page.

Pay Less for Insurance
Learn more about auto insurance and ways to lower your premiums by reading this friendly, accessible article.

Let's Go to the Auto Show!
Auto shows are a great way to see what's new in the auto world. Find the dates of auto shows around the country and descriptions of the special events and exhibits that will be appearing at each.

Money-Saving Tips for Drivers
Read an article that provides some excellent tips for saving money when you drive and discusses ways of reducing pollution as well.

Hazardous Wastes
Learn how to deal with household hazardous wastes, many of which are automotive.

Hybrid Cars
Explore the history and current technology related to hybrid vehicles.

Global Warming
Did you know that automobiles are the second largest U.S. source of greenhouse gases? Learn about global warming and the ways we can reduce it.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to explore the kind of vehicle you might want to buy on a limited budget.

Exploring Decisions Involved in Buying a Car

Introduction

Getting to buy a car of your own might seem like a dream come true. But a lot is involved in the decision to buy a vehicle.

Part 1

One of the first decisions people shopping for a vehicle have to make is whether to buy a used car or a new car. Visit Cars.com and read the article "Advantages of New and Used Cars." At the end of each screen, click on Read On for the next page of the article. Use the links in the article if you want additional information on a particular topic the article discusses.

Part 2

Now imagine that you can afford a car loan for $12,000. What kind of vehicle would you buy? Fill out the following checklist to help you focus your ideas before you start shopping.

The number of people who usually will ride in the car.

The gas mileage you need or hope to achieve.

Will you often have to park you car in places where space is limited? If so, what size car would be best?

If parking is not a problem, are there other reasons to limit the size of the car? If so, what size car would be best?

Will you need to haul large items? If so, will this be a regular occurrence?

Will you need to tow anything? If so, will this be a regular occurrence?

Do you want a car with an automatic transmission or a stick shift?

Do you want antilock brakes?

Do you want airbags? If so, do you want standard airbags or advanced airbags?

Do you want voice-activated controls?

Are there other safety features you would want your car to have? If so, list these features here.

Are there any non-standard features you need for your car based on the climate conditions where you would normally drive the car? If so, list these features here.

Do you want air conditioning?

Do you want cruise control?

Do you want a certain type of sound system in your car? (Make sure that any sound system you consider would not be a distraction from driving.)

What kind of warranty do you want?

Are there any other features you want to have or considerations you need to take into account for your ideal vehicle? If so, list these features and considerations here.

Once you've answered all of the questions, visit either Cars.com or Edmunds.com to explore the costs of new and used vehicles that have the features you need or want. Remember that you have a budget of $12,000. After you have looked at and obtained quotes (prices) for at least four different vehicle options, make your decision.

The Kelly Blue Book Web site allows you to look at used car prices. (Look at the retail value). It is a good site to use if you already know the type of vehicle you are interested in.

Once you've decided on your $12,000 dream vehicle, Copy and paste the self-test and send here and paste in the following questions:

A.  What was your biggest consideration in making your choice?

B.                 What are the advantages of owning this vehicle?

C.                What are some disadvantages?

EXTRA!

Now it's time to look at the insurance rates for the vehicle you chose. Visit Insurance Resources to get a quote for liability insurance—and collision and comprehensive insurance if the car is new or less than six years old. Choose one of the companies listed on this site, type in the appropriate information about you and your dream vehicle, and receive a quote for auto insurance.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Buying a Vehicle

This lesson focuses on the financial and legal responsibilities of vehicle ownership. When considering buying a vehicle, drivers need to think about their budget and their reasons for wanting to own a vehicle. They need to consider fuel economy, the cost of insurance, and vehicle maintenance. When looking at a used vehicle, drivers should make outside and inside checks, check under the hood, test drive the vehicle, and have a mechanic do a thorough check of the vehicle.

Section 2: Insuring a Vehicle

This lesson provides an overview of financial responsibility laws, which require that drivers be able to prove that they have the ability to pay for damages they may cause when driving. Insurance is an important requirement of most financial responsibility laws. There are a number of types of insurance, including liability, medical, no-fault, comprehensive, and underinsured and uninsured motorist insurance. Factors that determine insurance prices include type of vehicle, miles driven annually, repair costs, and the driver's age, gender, and driving record.

Section 3: Environmental Concerns

All conventional motor vehicles affect the environment by polluting the air and by sometimes contributing to the greenhouse effect and to the breakdown of the ozone layer. Vehicles also contribute to water and ground pollution. Four ways of reducing the harmful effects vehicles have on the environment include reducing vehicle use, using environmentally friendly products, maintaining the vehicle properly, and properly disposing of vehicle parts, fluids, and components.

*Day 14

Be sure to have your completed chapter worksheets

You MUST return your Textbooks by this day!

(Failure to do so will result in an additional charge)

We will review the Final Chapters

Chapter 17: Maintaining Your Vehicle

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn how to maintain a vehicle properly for safety, efficiency, and economy of operation. You will learn how the different systems operate and how to care for them, as related to routine, preventive maintenance. You will also learn about fuel-saving strategies and recycling strategies important for driving efficiency and for helping to prevent pollution of the environment.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 17 Worksheets

“Care Care: Automtive and First Aid safety” 

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Checking Under the Hood
Learn how to perform preventive maintenance on a vehicle's main systems. You can use this site to make a list of routine under-the-hood checks you should perform on any vehicle driven regularly.

Change Your Oil!
Checking a vehicle's oil isn't the only thing you need to do regularly. You also need to change the oil regularly. Find out why changing the oil is so important.

Looks Good, Runs Great
Use this checklist as a reminder of what to do to keep a vehicle looking good and running at its peak.

The Anatomy of a Tire
What does the inside of a tire look like? Find out and build your own tire at this Web site.

How Brakes Work
Check out the different kinds of braking systems and how they work.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn how to check the oil in the engine and the air pressure in the tires.

Checking the Oil and Tire Air Pressure

Introduction

Among the most important steps you can take to keep a vehicle running well is to check the oil often, add oil if the level is low, and change the oil as recommended in the vehicle owner's manual. Another simple step you can take to maintain a vehicle and enhance its safety is to make sure the tires are properly inflated by checking the tire pressure regularly.

Part 1

Learn how to check a vehicle's oil by reading this article. Jot down notes, if necessary, so you can remember what you need to do to check the oil on a vehicle. Also, take notes on what the oil condition could indicate about engine problems or about the need for preventive maintenance.

Then, learn how to check a vehicle's tire pressure by reading this article from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Again, take notes, if necessary.

Part 2

Now it's your turn to check the oil and the tire pressure on a vehicle. Get permission from the appropriate person—an adult in your household or a teacher at your school—before you do your checks. Then gather the things you will need to do these checks. Bring your notes along, so you can make sure you are following the procedures correctly. Also, bring a pencil and a piece of paper so that you can jot down information related to engine oil condition and tire pressure. Let the owner of the vehicle know the results of the checks you performed.

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Maintaining the Power Systems

This lesson introduces the vehicle power systems, explains their functions, and describes procedures for maintaining them. It identifies the different warning signs that indicate when repair is needed for the power and drive systems, the ignition and electrical systems, the lubricating and cooling systems, and the fuel and exhaust systems. The lesson also describes how to start a vehicle that has a dead battery.

Section 2: Maintaining the Control Systems

This lesson introduces the vehicle control systems—steering, braking, suspension, and tires—and describes how each system functions. It identifies warning signs that might indicate the need for repair of each of these systems. It also explains how to maintain tires for longer wear, including maintaining proper air pressure, rotating and balancing tires on a regular basis, and having the wheels aligned.

Section 3: Preventive Maintenance

Preventive maintenance is the care given to a vehicle to help avoid trouble later on. It includes routine checks for fluid leaks; making sure the warning lights come on; noticing unusual engine sounds, smells, or vibrations; and noticing any unusual instrument panel readings. Checks for preventive maintenance when refueling include checking the oil, the windshield washer fluid, and the wipers; measuring tire pressure; and making sure all of the lights work. Selecting a qualified technician is another important step in preventive maintenance.

Section 4: Fuel-Saving and Recycling Strategies

Over the years, vehicles and engines have been designed to help improve fuel efficiency. Drivers can improve fuel efficiency by controlling speed. They can check fuel efficiency by calculating and keeping a record of their miles per gallon. Recycling motor oil, antifreeze, and batteries are important steps for helping prevent pollution from automobiles.

Chapter 18: Planning Your Travel

Summary

In this chapter, you will learn how to prepare for short and long road trips. You will also learn about some extra precautions you need to follow when driving special vehicles such as recreational vehicles and rental trucks and when pulling a trailer.

Internet Materials

All Students-Read the textbook, then download and complete the Chapter 18 Worksheets

Use the Hot Links to explore Web sites related to the content in this chapter.

Maps on Other Web Sites
This University of Texas Web site provides links to a wide collection of map sites. Highlighted at the top of the Web page are links to weather maps and to city, county, and state maps.

Automobile Association of America
Enter your zip code on American Automobile Association's home page to get local information that can help you plan short trips. Use the Travel and Automotive pull-down menus to access information about travel guides and vehicle maintenance.

Complete this chapter's Internet Activity to learn about different Internet map sites.

Memphis to Tulsa: Comparing Map Sites

Introduction

The key to a successful road trip is planning ahead. A good driver should select a route, estimate the amount of time to spend on the road each day, and locate places to stop overnight.

Part 1

Several Internet map sites provide directions and estimate driving times for locations throughout the country. However, not all of these sites give the same results for the same trip. Explore and compare the following map sites.

MapQuest

Rand McNally

Windows Live Local

Google Maps

Enter several locations and note how the information is returned. How are the sites similar or different? Do any offer special features that you find useful?

Part 2

For each map site you visit, request the directions from Memphis, Tennessee, to Tulsa, Oklahoma. Create a table to compare the information returned to you. Set up the table with 5 columns and 5 rows. Include the following column headings:

Web Site

Distance

Driving Time

Suggested Directions

Extra Features

In the first column, write the address of each of the sites you are comparing. Fill in the table to report what you find at each Web site. Then answer the following questions: Copy and paste and send here

Do all the map sites give the same information? If not, why do you think the information might be different?

What other useful highlights do these sites offer?

In your opinion, what is the most helpful map site? Why?

What other features do you need to help plan a safe trip?

Take the Self-Test to assess your knowledge of this chapter. Copy and paste the self-test and send here

Chapter Outline

Section 1: Local Travel

Drivers spend most of their time taking short trips. Drivers should make sure the trip is needed and then allow enough time. On these trips it is important to consider travel time, weather, traffic, vehicle conditions, and route selection.

Section 2: Long-Distance Travel

Learning to read maps, planning ahead, and taking emergency equipment with you can make a road trip safer and more relaxing. When driving long distances, share the driving and navigation responsibilities with others and follow a routine that allows you to stay alert. You may also want to consider a rental vehicle for long-distance travel.

Section 3: Special Vehicles and Trailers

Driving recreational vehicles such as campers, motor homes, and other large vehicles requires special care in seeing to the side and rear and in backing up and maneuvering. Drivers must take additional precautions when pulling a trailer.

*Day 15 -Test day


VIDEOS:

Share your life; Share your decision 18 Min

About the Law 16 MIn

Take the unit 4 test at your school location